WASTE NO WATER
Jul 28, 2018 02:00AM
Communities Get Creative in Urging Conservationby April Thompson
As fresh water becomes increasingly scarce worldwide, communities are coming together to find creative solutions to conserve it. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the average American family uses some 300 gallons of water a day at home, nearly a third of which lands on lawns and yardscapes. Yet simple solutions like installing lowflow showerheads, turning off the tap while brushing teeth and installing drought-friendly landscaping can save a householder thousands of gallons a year and big money on water bills.
The Irvine, California, Wyland Foundation created the Mayor’s Challenge for Water Conservation seven years ago to stimulate awareness and action around water waste by tapping into civic pride and a healthy sense of competition. “What we do at home has a big impact on what happens to natural resources 1,000 miles downstream,” says Steve Creech, executive director of the nonprofit, founded by marine life artist Robert Wyland to foster healthy oceans and waterways.
The program pits cities against each other every April to see which one can garner the most water-saving pledges from residents. Prizes for participants include a year’s worth of utility bills paid, green home cleaning kits and low-flow shower heads. It also provides immediate feedback on rankings at MyWaterPledge.com. As of May, 616,000 participants in 4,800 towns and cities had pledged to save 3 billion gallons per year.
“Many are attracted by prizes, but over time, become more interested in conservation and sustainability,” observes Creech. “Social modeling is important because people get activated when they see friends and family involved. Surveys also show that we look to local leaders on issues like this, so it makes a difference when mayors take a stance.”
Calculate a personal water footprint at WaterCalculator.org.Mesa, Arizona’s thirsty desert lawns and gardens suck thousands of gallons of precious water a day. Nearly 20 years ago, the city joined forces with Phoenix and Scottsdale to launch a water conservation campaign that has become among the largest of its kind. Today, hundreds of private and public partners across North America use the Water – Use It Wisely program to turn the tide on water waste (WaterUseItWisely.com).
Creative approaches go a long way in encouraging households to save water, says Donna DiFrancesco, conservation coordinator for the city of Mesa. Its campaign newsletter speaks to 26,000 subscribers. Some 100 water-saving devices and symbols remind consumers to think about how they use water in everyday life. A traveling, 16-foot water tower made of water jugs represents the 120 gallons of water the average person uses per day in Arizona. They even challenge residents to “help your yard drink responsibly” through the Drab to Fab Backyard Rehab campaign, rewriting the narrative that sustainable is synonymous with sacrifice. In its second year, more than 11,500 entrants throughout the state put their creativity to work in revamping their backyards.
To promote behavior change, Creech suggests that providing justifications for each water-saving action is key. When citizens become more conscious of how they waste the most water, they are more motivated to act. Repairing toilet and pool leaks and exchanging baths for showers are common fixes.
“The 40 Gallon Challenge is designed to help people find the ‘low-hanging fruit’ in their water use—such as a leaky faucet or a long shower—that can readily help save 40 gallons a day,” says Ellen Bauske, program coordinator for this initiative of the Center for Urban Agriculture at the University of Georgia, in Griffin (40GallonChallenge.com). It’s designed to be flexible so states and municipalities can address the local context.
“It’s been great to see the creative ways it’s been adapted; for example, one agent used the pledge as a scavenger hunt item for 4H clubs,” Bauske notes. More than 11,000 people have taken this pledge across America, potentially saving 1.9 million gallons a day.
It can be difficult to measure the real water savings of such challenges, but DiFrancesco says that Mesa has seen a roughly 20 percent reduction in water use since 1999, when the local campaign began to take off. Drop by drop, small acts taken collectively by engaged citizens add up to big savings.
Find water-saving tips at HomeAdvisor.com/r/home-water-conservation and NationalGeographic.com/environment/freshwater/waterconservation-tips.
Connect with April Thompson, in Washington, D.C., at AprilWrites.com.
Image: Romolo Tavani/Shutterstock.com